Clause

Combination of words having its own subject and predicate. It may either work as a sentence in some cases while in other cases it makes part of a sentence.

Example: The patient had died before the doctor came.

                                       Kinds of Clauses:

  • Independent /Main/Principal clause.

A kind of clause which has its subject and predicate. It does not depend on the other clause for the completion of its meaning. It may work/function as a sentence. It stands on its own (It keeps its own meaning).

Example: They had played cricket before I went.

 

  • Dependent/Subordinate clause.

Kind of clause has its subject and predicate but depends on the other clause for the completion of its meaning. It makes part of a sentence.

Example: They had played cricket before I went.

I went is the independent clause.

 

  • Noun clause.

Kind of clause which has subject and predicate that functions like a noun in sentence. It makes part of a sentence.

Example: I planned that we should go on trip to the mountains.

 

  • Adjective/Adjectival clause.

Kind of clause having its subject and predicate that function as an adjective in a sentence. It makes part of a sentence.

Example: I bought a car which has black color.

Which has black color is Adjective clause.

 

  • Adverb clause.

Kind of clause which has its own subject and predicate that function as an adverb in a sentence, It makes part of a sentence.

Example: He get tired because he ran fast

He ran fast is Adverb clause.

 

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